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  • Publication : 13 10 2019
  • Catégorie :La recherche médicale et génétique

Development of a novel severe mouse model of spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1: FVB-nmd.    

Abstract
Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Respiratory Distress type 1 (SMARD1) is an autosomal recessive disease that develops early during infancy. The gene responsible for disease development is immunoglobulin helicase ?-binding protein 2 (IGHMBP2). IGHMBP2 is a ubiquitously expressed gene but its mutation results in the loss of alpha-motor neurons and subsequent muscle atrophy initially of distal muscles. The current SMARD1 mouse model arose from a spontaneous mutation originally referred to as neuromuscular degeneration (nmd). The nmd mice have the C57BL/6 genetic background and contain an A to G mutation in intron 4 of the endogenous Ighmbp2 gene. This mutation causes aberrant splicing, resulting in only 20-25% of full-length functional protein. Several congenital conditions including hydrocephalus are common in the C57BL/6 background, consistent with our previous observations when developing a gene therapy approach for SMARD1. Additionally, a modifier allele exists on chromosome 13 in nmd mice that can partially suppress the phenotype, resulting in some animals that have extended life spans (up to 200 days). To eliminate the intrinsic complications of the C57BL/6 background and the variation in survival due to the genetic modifier effect, we created a new SMARD1 mouse model that contains the same intron 4 mutation in Ighmbp2 as nmd mice but is now on a FVB congenic background. FVB-nmd are consistently more severe than the original nmd mice with respect to survival, weigh and motor function. The relatively short life span (18-21 days) of FVB-nmd mice allows us to monitor therapeutic efficacy for a variety of novel therapeutics in a timely manner without the complication of the small percentage of longer-lived animals that were observed in our colony of nmd mice.

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