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  • Publication : 15 03 2020
  • Catégorie :La recherche médicale et génétique

Children With Spinal Muscular Atrophy With Prior Growth-Friendly Spinal Implants Have Better Results After Definite Spinal Fusion in Comparison to Untreated Patients.    

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Almost all children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) develop a scoliosis during childhood and adolescence. In the last decades, growth-friendly spinal implants have been established as an interim solution for these patients until definite spinal fusion can be performed. The effect of those implants on the final outcome has yet to be described.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of prior growth-friendly spinal surgical treatment on the outcome after spinal fusion in SMA children in comparison to untreated SMA patients through the prospective study.
METHODS: A total of 28 SMA patients with (n = 14) and without (n = 14) prior surgical treatment with growth-friendly implants were included. Average surgical treatment prior to definite spinal fusion was 4.9 yr. Scoliotic curve angle, pelvic obliquity, spinal length, kyphosis, and lordosis were evaluated for children with prior treatment and before and after dorsal spondylodesis for all children.
RESULTS: The curve angle before definite spinal fusion averaged at 104° for SMA patients without prior treatment and 71° for patients with prior treatment. Spondylodesis reduced the scoliotic curve to 50° and 33°, respectively, which equals a correction of 52% vs 54%. Pelvic obliquity could be improved by spinal fusion in all patients with better results in the pretreated group. Results for spinal length, kyphosis, and lordosis were similar in both groups.
CONCLUSION: These data show the positive effect of prior growth-friendly surgical treatment on radiographic results of spinal fusion in children with SMA. Both scoliotic curve angles and pelvic obliquity showed significantly better values when patients had growth-friendly implants before definite spinal fusion.

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