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  • Publication : 05 10 2018
  • Catégorie :La recherche médicale et génétique

A retrospective cohort study of children with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 receiving anesthesia for intrathecal administration of nusinersen.    

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Spinal muscular atrophy is characterized by loss of motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord with resultant proximal muscle weakness. Intrathecal nusinersen has revolutionized the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy. We reviewed the perioperative care of 61 anesthetics performed on eight patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 who received nusinersen over 30 months in conjunction with nusinersen's phase 3 clinical trials.
METHODS: Anesthesia was induced in all patients with sevoflurane, nitrous oxide, and oxygen (30%) via facemask. A peripheral intravenous line was placed after the loss of consciousness in all but three procedures. General anesthesia was maintained in 58 anesthetics with a propofol infusion at 250-300 ?g/kg/min, while the remainder was maintained with inhalational anesthetics. The airway was managed via facemask or nasal cannula in all but two procedures, in whom a laryngeal mask airway was placed. We analyzed patient demographics, duration of anesthesia and of postanesthesia care unit stay, discharge destination, preprocedure oxygen saturation (SaO2 ), postanesthesia care unit discharge oxygen saturation, and occurrence of unanticipated admission or postdischarge hospitalization.
RESULTS: Eight American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status three patients (3 male: 5 female) with a median age of 4.1 (2.1-7.8) years and median weight of 13.2 (10-24.7) kg, underwent 61 anesthetics for nusinersen administration or sham procedure. There were no intraoperative anesthetic complications of unanticipated cardiovascular instability, major neurologic events, respiratory failure, or death. Anesthesiologists performed 83% of the procedures.
CONCLUSION: Nusinersen has revolutionized the care of patients with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 and anesthesiologists will be involved in its administration. We found that routine anesthetic care was safe and effective.

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