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  • Publication : 03 01 2019
  • Catégorie :La recherche médicale et génétique

[Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation during the management of severe spinal muscular atrophy type I].    

Abstract
Patients with spinal muscular atrophy type ? (SMA ?) with the onset before the age of 3 months are considered as severe form of SMA ? (severe SMA ?) and have poor prognosis. Here, we report the efficacy of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in a patient with severe SMA ?. She was born with generalized hypotonia and feeding difficulties, and had SMN1 gene mutations (the deletion of exons 7 and 8). At 1 month of age, she was intubated because of respiratory failure due to a respiratory tract infection, and extubation proved difficult. Her parents decided that NPPV and a mechanical in-exsufflator (MI-E) should be used for respiratory management rather than a tracheotomy. The NPPV improved her peripheral coldness, cold sweats, chest wall movement, and heart rate and enabled her to sleep well. At 1 year and 2 months, chest computed tomography revealed mild pneumonia and did not show any atelectasis. The NPPV facilitated discharge, and the patient had a good quality of life (QOL) from the point of view of voice production, the ability to move easily, the simplicity of bathing, and the low level of discomfort she experienced. However, she suffered repeated episodes of aspiration pneumonia and airway obstruction (by sputum) after 11 months of age. Thereafter, she required continuous NPPV and high-span inspiratory positive airway pressure (21 cmH2O). At 1 year and 4 months, she died of respiratory failure at home. As her bulbar weakness worsened, respiratory management with NPPV became difficult. However, the long-term use of NPPV together with high-span positive inspiratory pressure plus positive end-expiratory pressure, and a high-pressure MI-E at an early age might improve respiratory management outcomes and patient prognosis. In our case, NPPV was effective at improving ventilation and preventing atelectasis and helped to provide the patient with a good QOL.

Source : ici